Taking radiographs during a root canal can always be a challenge, and ensuring that you have proper isolation throughout the entire process is imperative. I always suggest leaving the rubber dam in place while taking the x-ray, too. This can be cumbersome, but it is better for the process in order to avoid any recontamination during your procedure.
Just with anything in dentistry, there are several different devices that can help stabilize your x-ray sensor while taking your radiographs. But my favorite is simple and very very thrifty. Simply use the patient’s finger! We call it “finger placement” in my practice and it is hands-down the best tool I use to stabilize the x-ray sensor while getting a radiograph.
That being said, there are two things that can happen when you are taking x-rays (and this goes for any x-ray for that matter – it doesn’t just have to be while you are doing a root canal). The first is that you have not obtained the entire tooth in your image. In endo, it would be that you didn’t grab the apex in your picture. So what do you do? How do you fix that and how do you easily train your team members to fix it in the next x-ray so that they don’t take a gazillion x-rays on your patients?
Well, if you miss the apex, then you need to adjust your SENSOR.
See, there are only two things that you will ever need to adjust — either the sensor or the x-ray tube position. The key is to know which one to adjust, and when.
In this situation, where the apex cannot be seen in the x-ray, adjust your sensor in the direction in which you need to extend your image, so head in the direction of the apex. So, if you are doing a maxillary molar and you miss the palatal apex, then take that sensor and make sure it goes as high in the palatal vault as possible. If you are doing a mandibular tooth like in this tooth here…
then make sure that the tongue is not getting in the way and that the sensor is able to slide closer to the floor of the mouth. A quick tip for a lower tooth is to have the patient gently bite down on their finger that is holding that sensor in place. This will automatically push the tongue out of the way and open up the vault underneath the tongue allowing the sensor to slide in place without pinching the patient. Don’t be scared, the patient is numb anyway! The key is to NOT adjust your tube head higher or lower, because no matter how much you adjust it, you won’t get what you are looking for until you adjust your sensor FIRST!
The second issue is when you get a cone cut. The cone cut happens when your sensor is not centered within your x-ray beam. So, in this situation, you want to leave your sensor alone and adjust the position of the x-ray tube. And you always want to move the tube head in the direction of the cone cut.
So, if you have white space on the mesial aspect of your x-ray, then you will want to move your x-ray tube head in a mesial direction to grab more of the mesial part of the sensor. So, move your tube head in the direction of your cone cut!!
When you move the tube head mesially, you can easily fix it. Voila!!
As an endodontist, my radiographs need to be perfect when I send my reports back to my referring dentist, so I am a bit of stickler when it comes to a good x-ray. My team knows to follow these rules:
- The tooth in question must be in the center of the radiograph
- I need to see the apex and beyond
- There must never be a cone cut
- The final radiograph must show all the canals in the tooth
So, try these tricks out and teach your team! They should be the ones taking your radiographs anyway. Marry these rules with your SLOB rule (watch my video tutorial on the SLOB Rule here) and you will be one mean x-ray taking machine!!
All the best,